Installing openSUSE from the Internet
Internet installation only works for the Release Distribution and for the latest Factory tree.
Fixed FTP trees for development releases (alpha, beta, rc) do not exist.
- First find your local mirror service at openSUSE Mirrors for Released Version
- For versions 10.0 to 10.3 see here Official And Proprietary Packages
- Click on the Start-CD-Image link to download the install iso, and then burn it to a CD.
The 10.3 network install iso is
and its MD5SUM is
If you’re on PPC, it is
and on 64-bit systems it is
- Before you continue, make a note of the Installation Repository directory on the server – hover over the link and it will show in the status bar of your browser or as a tool tip. Do this before you do anything else Also note that the download directories may not be the same between versions. You can’t just change 10.2 to 10.3.
- Boot from the CD, and you will get a nice green graphic menu (blue for older versions)
- Press F2 to choose your language
- Press F3 to choose your screen resolution
- Press F4 and select HTTP or FTP depending on which mirror you are using, as some don't support both.
- Enter the server name you noted before. The opensuse server is download.opensuse.org, but have a look at Mirrors Released Version for mirrors.
- Enter the directory for the installation source you noted before – e.g. /distribution/10.3/repo/oss/ on the opensuse server. This differs between mirrors, thought this is now being standardised, so future versions will have the same format.
- Select Installation from the main boot menu and press enter to continue.
- A kernel will load and boot to an installation screen
- NOTE: If you have made a mistake, or your system can't support the graphics vesion of the installer, you will go back to a text menu to start again them. Check for spelling mistakes! :-)
If you get everything correct the openSUSE Installation System will download. This is about 70 MB so give it some time. There should be a progress bar visible.
IMPORTANT NOTES FOR INTERNET INSTALL
1 - Once the installer is loaded, you will be asked to confirm the partition with the system to be upgraded.
2 - You will then be shown the list of your current repositories. Make sure they are all disabled, as they will only be valid for your current version. If you are feeling brave you could edit the settings to match the repos for 10.3 at this stage.
3 - The installer will set up repos for OSS (Open Source Software) & non-OSS, and offer you the choice as to whether to disable them. You can also enable a debug repo. It is safe to take the defaul setting here.
4 - The Installation Settings page will show you list of Update Options & Packages. You may also get a red warning message:
Cannot solve all conflicts. Manual intervention is required.
If you click on the Packages headline you will get a list of problem packages, and the YaST dependency checker will give you options to deal with the problems. Be patient here, as this is the most time consuming bit of the process. However if you can sort the problems here it will ensure a clean and tidy update. Some of the dependecy problems will be because you have installed applications from non Suse repos, so it is safe to select "generally ignore..". Once the dependency error warning stops appearing, you can click the Accept button (at bottm right)to continue. You may have to accept licenses for things like Adobe Acrobat Reader or Flash, but if you get back to the Installation Settings page with no error messages, You can click Accept again.
5 - You will be shown a Confirm Update message, with Back and Start Update buttons. This is your last chance to pull out. If you click Start Update, the process follows the same procedure as the standard CD/DVD install.
6 - NOTE After installation and the first reboot, you may get errors about not being able to find the drive. This is because the new kernal treats all hard drives as SCSI and will be looking for sda or sdb instead of hda or hdb. You will get a message on screen saying somehting like:
Can't find hdb1, try sdb1? (Y/n)
Just type Y and hit enter, to continue. You may need to manually edit your fstab file once the install is complete.
Good luck :-)
(edited on 29th Dec 2007 by sid1950 to reflect several succesfull 10.2 to 10.3 updates)