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Burn a Data CD
This article demonstrates how to burn a data CD using various tools.
Using Command Line Tools
At the command line, there are a few tools that can be used. First, we need to create an .iso file from which we can burn a data cd.
- If you are copying another CD, here are two options:
dd if=/dev/cdrecorder of=/home/username/isoimagename.iso
cat /dev/cdrecorder >> /home/username/isoimagename.iso
- To make a cd image of a directory, use:
mkisofs -o isoimagename.iso -J -r /home/username/directory_for_iso
Once you have built your .iso, you can burn this image to a CD using:
cdrecord -v speed=8 dev=0'0'0 isoimagename.iso
K3B is the default CD/DVD burning application of KDE, and is a very versatile application.
Copying a CD
Unlike from the command line, K3B is fully capable of copying a CD on the fly. When K3B opens, the bottom half of the window will feature the title Welcome to K3B - the CD and DVD Kreator. Beneath this title, click on Copy CD, which brings up a new window titled CD Copy and CD Cloning. At this window, select the appropriate CD/DVD device to read data from, and which CD/DVD device you will be burning to. This can be the same device, as you can first copy a cd, then insert a blank to burn your copy. You may also manually select the speed you wish to burn to; you may wish to do this if you have had trouble burning a disk at higher speeds. Beneath these options are three tabs for further configuration options:
- Copy Mode
- Normal Copy - This option creates the cd copy just like if you were burning a CD using data from your hard drive. The data is copied, an ISO image is generated, and then finally burned to the CD.
- Clone Copy - This mode creates an exact duplicate of the original CD, not just of the data but the burning method applied, also known as a RAW burn.
- Writing Mode
- Auto - Chooses which writing mode to use based on the type of disk inserted; DAO, TAO, or RAW.
- DAO - Disk At Once - A method of burning an entire CD in on pass.
- TAO - Track At Once - A method of burning on track to a CD at a time; the recording laser stops after each track is complete, and two run-out blocks are written. TAO disks are capable of having both data and audio on the same disk.
- RAW - Writing as an uncompressed image.
- Copies - Number of copies of the disk you wish to burn
- Simulate - Prior to burning, K3B will simulate the burning process to make sure the copy will go smoothly
- On the fly - When using a seperate CD reader device and burning device, checking this option will allow you to immediately burn the disk while the original is being read.
- Only create image - This option will read the CD in your CD reader, and create an ISO image. If checked, you will not copy a CD, you will only create this ISO image.
- Remove image - If checked, when K3B has finished burning the CD, the ISO image that was created will be deleted. If you wish to burn another copy later without needing to have the original disk, this option should be unchecked so that you can save the ISO image somewhere.
- Copy Mode
- Image - Here you can choose the location of the temporary image file, and see how much space is available in the location you have chosen.
- Advanced -
GNOME CD/DVD Creator
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